The National Institutes of Health (NIH) passed its Public Access Policy on April 7, 2008 in order to advance science and improve human health. The Policy requires peer-reviewed articles that NIH funds be made publicly available on PubMed Central (PMC).
PMC is a free, full text repository of biomedical and life science journal literature. PMC is different from PubMed, which contains references and abstracts only.
The policy applies to any journal article that meets these criteria:
Exempt publications include:
The answer, in short, is funding. As of 2013, NIH has a strict policy of delaying the processing of non-competing renewal awards until all applicable articles are brought into compliance.
Tips for hassle-free compliance
See all notices related to the Policy.