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Systematic Review

Systematic Reviews are an increasingly important publication type for making informed health policy and patient care decisions. They are labor intensive, but synthesize and summarize existing information.


At this point you have carefully examined the articles selected from those you discovered by your sensitive search. You have recorded the information from each that you will use to write your paper. So far you have not attempted to critically appraise each article for how quality or believability. Now it is time to assess quality/Risk of Bias (ROB) of each of your included articles.

Depending on the publication type of the articles you will  include in your analysis, select one or more existing "tools" and assess each article. You will report this information to your readers and discuss the implications in your paper.

Sources of tools for critical appraisal

Appraisal tools for experimental studies:

Appraisal tools for the three primary types of observational studies - cohort, case control, and cross sectional: